Infants/Children

Reduced Testosterone Tied to Endocrine-Disrupting Chemical Exposure

A study by The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism discovered that children exposed to high levels of phthalates - xenoestrogens found in plastics and some personal care products -- tended to have reduced levels of testosterone in their blood compared to those with lower chemical exposure.

Phthalate Exposure & Reduced Testosterone Levels in Boys

A PubMed abstract evidence that exposure to phthalates, chemicals found in soft plastics and personal care products, is associated with reduced androgen levels and associated disorders.

Phthalates & Genital Malformations in Baby Boys - US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

A report by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on the dangers of phthalates present to developing male fetuses - hypospadias, undescended testicles, testicular dysgenesis and more.

Phthalates & Autism Spectrum Disorders

A PubMed abstract on relationship between exposure to phthalates and autism.

Early Puberty in Girls Caused By BPA (Bisphenol A)

A PubMed abstract on a study that links the estrogenic effects of BPA as a contributing factor to precocious puberty (early puberty) in girls.

Phthalate Exposure and Children’s Health

Five studies from Asia, Europe, and the US suggest that childhood exposure to di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) and butylbenzyl phthalate (BBzP) may increase the risk of allergic diseases including asthma and eczema.